Rang's economy is based on barter and silver, the later dominating commercial activity in towns and cities. The silver Aglar (ă'glǒr) has been minted since the early days of Rang, primarily out of the capitol, Duerstadt. There are also regional mints in most of the duchies, bearing unique mint marks, and producing, collectively, about four fifths as much as is produced by Duerstadt. The Aglar is a circular coin 3/4” in diameter and 1/12” thick that weighs approximately 1/5 ounce (72 to a pound). The coin is struck on both sides with an image of the current ruler of Rang, although some rulers have chosen, for various reasons, to retain the previous image. Some older silver coins were struck with an image of a clover, olive branch, or other natural object, but few such coins are still in circulation.
The copper Diyar (dē'ǒr) is the most common coin, produced in over twenty mints around the kingdom, in quantities on the order of a half a million a year, per mint. A large coin, the Diyar weighs 4/5 of an ounce (20 to the pound), is 1 1/4” in diameter, and is 1/8” thick. The diyar is valued at a tenth of an aglar, although exchange rates have been known to vary slightly. Under the rule of Diure LXIV, the diyar is struck on the face with a picture of Diure the First (actually Diure XXXIII) on a horse, and on the reverse with a clover. Around the outside of the face is the slogan “Beyond the Zioth, may the king rule under Andritha” in Rouch. On the bottom of the reverse is the full name of the mint. The lettering wears down quickly, so it's rare to find a readable coin.
The solid gold attle (ătəl – the 't's are pronounced in the proper form of the word, but most people say 'addle') is relatively uncommon, especially in the outskirts of the kingdom, because it is minted only in Duerstadt and Darnien. The tiny coin weighs a tenth of an ounce (150 to a pound), and is 7/16” in diameter and 1/16” thick. Since the coin is so small and so valuable, it is often used to condense money for transportation, but is rarely spent. The attle is generally worth ten Aglars, although it has been known to fluctuate to as low as eight or as high as fifteen. Under the rule of Diure LXIV, the attle is struck on one side with a likeness of the king, and on the other with the Sarnam letter Aral, the first letter of “Rang” in that language. Attles minted in Darnien are struck on the reverse with the letter Oudemal, the first letter of “Ostmark” in Sarnam.
Many kings of Rang have struck ten-attle coins, to use as special gifts, as transportation media, or to placate disgruntled soldiers. The most recent these coins weigh a full ounce, and are 1/8” thick and an inch in diameter. These have always been struck in small numbers, and are not generally found in circulation. When found, they are almost impossible to spend.
There have also been larger, rarer coins, which were struck by various kings. The largest was the Perredinia, named after the wife of Diure the Unwise (Diure LIV). This enormous coin weighed nine pounds (worth almost 1500 attles) and was six inches in diameter and half an inch thick. It was hand-engraved on either side with highly complementary portraits of the king and queen.
The Merrenat was an interesting coin, extremely rare undivided nowadays because it was simply too fragile to keep in tact, and too valuable not to spend. It weighed nearly a pound (140at), and was 1/12” thick and almost five inches in diameter. It was so flimsy that it could actually be torn if the edge were worn away a bit. Preventing it from bending was nearly impossible. Merrenats are most commonly found today in pieces, ranging from the “merry grain” (worth about two ninths of an attle) to the “twentieth part” (worth between six and nine attles).
Diure LI struck the very short-lived “ringer,” which was a gold coin with a wide hole in the middle. Only a few thousand of these coins were struck properly before the mechanism started to bend under its own weight. After that, the coins got progressively thinner on one side and thicker on the other until the thin side disappeared altogether. Most of these “crescent ringers” were melted down, but a thousand or so made it into circulation. Ringers are about six times as heavy as attles. Crescent ringers range from four to eight attles in weight, but are often worth more as collector's items.